Around the development of the teaching professional identity in the initial teachers´ training

Mendive. Revista de Educación, January-march 2020; 18(1): 1-4

Translated from the original in Spanish

Around the development of the teaching professional identity in the initial teachers´ training

 

En torno al desarrollo de la identidad profesional docente en la formación inicial de los profesores

 

Sobre o desenvolvimento da identidade profissional dos docentes na formação inicial de professores

 

Taymi Breijo Worosz1, Deborah Mainegra Fernandez1

1University of Pinar del Río «Hnos Saiz Montes de Oca». Center for Studies of Higher Education Sciences. Cuba. ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9424-3278, http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0811-0629. Email: taimi.breijo@upr.edu.cu, deborah.mainegra@upr.edu.cu

 

Within the regional scenario, the innovative trends of Latin American higher education have been defined, following the debates held at various events, which, according to UNESCO, is facing a process of reorganization and flexibility of its academic structures and the promotion of interdisciplinary In this way, efforts are made to achieve: "strategic actions in the current process of educational changes, and that place the university in a key function, in the docent's initial training programs". (Achiong, 2007).

Becoming an education professional requires a process of professionalization of a medium nature, which begins from the initial training stage and continues in permanent training. Each of the previous stages constitutes a qualitative leap, with respect to the previous one.

Initial teacher training is a complex process, beginning of a decisive period in professional personality education. Studies by Breijo (2009; 34) has been permitted to distinguish trends in initial training:

From the above emerges the need that at this stage all the strategies are mobilized so that, from the academic, the labor, the research and the extensionist, the training and development of the teaching professional identity (IPD) is promoted.

The analysis of several works on the topic of IPD such as: Gohier, Anadón, Bouchard, Charbonneau and Chevrier (2001), Gómez (2012), Zimmermann et al., 2012, Pillen et al. (2013) point out a series of aspects about this process:

The literature review by Pillen et al. (2013) recognizes the following characteristics in the IPD development process of teachers in training:

The teacher's initial training is a complex process of beginning a new stage in professional personality education, which will be decisive for the emergence and manifestation of professional identity. Through the training process, necessary professional interests and skills must be developed for the qualitative turn of the subject towards professionalism. However, these alone cannot explain the evolution of the student. The experiences that the subject will accumulate in the execution of different professional tasks, will definitely mark his self-awareness and his self-esteem in this field and will facilitate him to configure his professional identity.

The initial training of the future graduate of the Bachelor of Education degree in Cuba is a process that is characterized by its insertion in various training-acting contexts, understanding them as the spaces where the professional training of students takes place, and simultaneously act responsibly, pondering one or the other component of the process. In them, their identity is configured as a teacher, while the professional performance modes of the students are developed and there is an interaction with the subjects involved in the training process, which frame the progressive interrelation between the developing subject and the environment in various stages of the educational process. They are the training institution of origin (the University), the municipal university centers (CUM) and the micro-universities, which integrate and harmonize the experiences of these contexts. Breijo (2009)

This reality offers the student advantages for his training, for the systematization of experiences necessary for his professional development and maturation. However, the experiences that he experiences directly in the micro-universities, where he assumes the direction of the process of one or more groups and therefore all the functions of a teacher, while being an advantage for his training, do more complex this process, given the diversity of situations and professional problems that in that context, the teacher in training must learn to face efficiently.

Thus, the practical theory relationship plays an important role in the formation of the teacher's IPD and, in the training institutions, the models are reproduced so that the teachers, as students, were prepared, from which it is inferred that the Changing their modes of action requires new learning. This complicates the initial training, because it requires a change in the teachers themselves, where they move from the identity as a student to the professional identity as a teacher, a process that does not occur abruptly, but gradually and is sustained in a process of renewal and improvement of the process of professionalization of teachers in practice.

All of the above manifests the need for an initial dynamic, creative and innovative training; that provides students with the basis for educational practices with full axiological value. This implies promoting diverse learning processes that promote the analysis and reflection on the practice itself, the professional problems to be faced, the exchange of professional experiences, the planning, the classroom practices, the evaluation and the critical analysis of the teaching itself, the center curriculum and social and cultural contexts; which will be significant in the formation and development oftheir professional identity as a teacher.

 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES

Achiong, G. (2007). Conferencia regional sobre políticas y estrategias para transformación de la educación superior en América latina y el Caribe. En: Achiong, G. P: 7.

Altet, M. (2002). Quelle(s) professionnalité(s) des formateursen formation continue? Versunprofilpolyidentitaire. En M. Altet, L. Paquay, & P. Perrenoud (Dirs.), Formateursd'enseignants: quelleprofessionnalisation? (pp. 59-87). Bruxelles: De BoeckUniversité.

Breijo, T. (2009). Concepción pedagógica del proceso de profesionalización de los estudiantes en la formación inicial. Tesis de Doctorado en Ciencias Pedagogicas. CECES: Universidad de Pinar del Rio. Cuba.

Gohier, C., Anadón, M., Bouchard, Y., Charbonneau, B., &Chevrier, J. (2001). La construction identitaire de l'enseignantsur le plan professionnel: un processusdynamique etinteractif. Revue des sciences de l'éducation, 27(1), 3-32.

Gómez, C. (2012). Identización: la construcción discursiva del individuo. Arte, Individuo y Sociedad, 24(1), 21-37.

Pillen, M., Beijaard, D., &Brok, P. (2013). Tensions in beginning teachers' professional identitydevelopment, accompanying feelings and coping strategies. European Journal of TeacherEducation, 36(3), 240-260.

Zimmermann, P., Flavier, É. & Méard, J. (2012). L'identitéprofessionnelle des enseignantsen formation initiale. Spiral-E - Revue de Recherches en Éducation, 2012 (49), 35-50. Recuperado de https://www.persee.fr/doc/spira_2118-724x_2012_sup_49_1_1724

 

 


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